Maternal exposures to alcohol and nicotine, which are sometimes abused during pregnancies, are linked to fetal growth retardation and neurotoxicity. However, the individual and combined effects of the toxins on molecular mechanisms of fetal development are poorly understood.
Two professors at the UH Cullen College of Engineering earned a $200,000 Peer Reviewed Medical Research Program (PRMRP) Discovery Award from the U.S. Department of Defense to further explore a quantitative assessment technique for systemic sclerosis (SSc). The autoimmune disorder is characterized by thickening of soft tissues in the body caused by accumulations of collagen.
Lupus is an autoimmune disease that affects approximately 1.5 million Americans, according to the Lupus Foundation of America. In lupus patients, antibodies that are produced by the immune system’s B cells to protect the body against invading bacteria and viruses also attack the body’s healthy cells.
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease without a cure and without a highly effective treatment option. Many scientists believe that genetics and environmental factors interact to cause immune cells in the human body to overreact and attack healthy cells and organs in the estimated 1.5 million Americans affected by the disease.
Floating in cerebral fluid inside 22 bones that form the face and skull, each of the seven billion brains belonging to Earth’s human inhabitants govern intelligence, creativity, memory, emotion, speech, movement, sensory systems and other organs.