General Information

Mail: University of Houston
Cullen College of Engineering
E421 Engineering Bldg 2, 4722 Calhoun Rd, Houston, TX 77204-4007
Map & Driving Directions (includes parking information)
Email: info [at] egr [dot] uh [dot] edu

CULLEN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

University of Houston Cullen College of Engineering

News

Powering the Air and Sea: Haleh Ardebili Receives Two Grants to Store Energy

Printer-friendly versionSend by emailPDF version

By: 

Laurie Fickman
Powering the world: Haleh Ardebili, Bill D. Cook Assistant Professor in mechanical engineering, with her bendable battery roughly the size of a business card
Powering the world: Haleh Ardebili, Bill D. Cook Assistant Professor in mechanical engineering, with her bendable battery roughly the size of a business card

Imagine a battery that doesn't fit neatly into its appointed slot, one that's neither cylindrical nor square shaped, but perhaps as thin as a business card and as stretchy as Play Dough. If you can envision that, then you've just jumped into the mind of Haleh Ardebili, Bill D. Cook Assistant Professor in mechanical engineering at the UH Cullen College of Engineering.

Ardebili is a bit of a juggler, with two new grants worth more than half a million dollars. What’s more, her funding for energy storage research stretches – like her batteries – from the depths of the sea with an award from the Subsea Systems Institute, to the outer reaches of the atmosphere with money from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR).

Making smart uniforms even smarter

For the Air Force, Ardebili, principal investigator Jodie Lutkenhaus at Texas A&M University, and other co-PIs at A&M may just end up making smart uniforms last longer – and the timing couldn’t be better.

On April 1, U.S. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter, a physicist, said textile manufacturers will soon create fabrics and cloths "that can see, hear, sense, communicate, store energy, regulate temperature, monitor health, change color and more."

But the batteries that power all of that have to be charged and integrated into the material so that those who serve can feel comfortable in their own skin.

“We’re looking at how the fibers come together with the graphene,” said Ardebili. “So we’ll look at the electrochemical properties and mechanical properties, too.” It’s the kind of flexible battery that Ardebili makes in her lab. That’s why she likes to bend it and have her students play with it. It’s all research.

“Externally, if you bend it, what’s going to happen with it?” she wonders. ““And what happens internally when the lithium ions stress the electrode?” She conducts research on both levels.

That’s what the research is focused on, technically known as aramid nanofiber-functionalized graphene electrode for structural energy storage, and it involves experiments and modeling for the design, testing and analysis of ANF/FG electrodes. The total award is approximately $1M; the portion for UH is $260,000.

Powering down below the ocean

The Subsea Systems Institute Award for $300,000 is a collaboration between Ardebili and Jim Tour of Rice University. This research project is focused on the fabrication, testing and analysis of batteries and supercapacitors for subsea applications.

Whether it’s an oil rig or an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), batteries can supply the power that keeps them working - during an emergency power outage in an oil rig, or during normal AUV operation. Ardebili’s goal is to make sure those batteries are as safe as possible.

To make safer batteries, she is replacing the flammable organic liquid electrolyte currently inside of traditional lithium-ion batteries with polymer electrolytes, which are not flammable.

“Safety is number one in my mind. The most compelling reason we would have a polymer electrolyte and not an organic liquid electrolyte is safety,” said Ardebili.

Her next goals are to get the batteries to last longer while providing design flexibility (the bendable, stretchy batteries of which she’s so proud).

“We’re not bound to these rigid space requirements,” said Ardebili. “You can bend it, it can conform to various shapes.”

For subsea applications, the design is enhanced to make sure it isn’t vulnerable to pressure and corrosion. Casings and boxes are built to protect the electronics inside, but instead of the battery getting bigger and bigger with each protective layer added, it is paper thin.

“Materials are very important, and if they are flexible and can conform to various spaces at least you are opening up some design parameters that allow more space-efficient design, so hopefully you have more space for other requirements in those vehicles,” she said.

Energy becomes her

Ardebili herself is filled with energy as she speaks about the world she envisions, where batteries are integrated into every aspect of our lives – walking on shoe-charging batteries, wearing clothes that are electronically integrated and, mostly, continuing to question what people think is normal about energy science.

“Just kind of flipping upside down the traditional understanding of how batteries are supposed to behave, I ask, ‘Really? Do they have to?’” Ardebili says.

No, they don’t. Not in Ardebili’s world. And soon, because of her continuous questioning and research, not in ours, either.

Faculty: 

Department: 

Related News Stories

Senior’s Hologram Software Could be Used to Augment Reality

James can manipulate the size and position of a hologram — in this case, a three-dimensional topographic map. Photo courtesy of Evan James

This article was originally published in the Daily Cougar. Please click here to read the article on the Daily Cougar website.

 

Wearing a bulky version of La Forge’s visor from “Star Trek,” a man pinches and pulls the air in front of him; behind the lens of his futuristic goggles, reality is altered.

Hadi Ghasemi Creates New Material, Breaks Limits of Leidenfrost Phenomenon

Breaking limits: Hadi Ghasemi at the controls

UH engineer Hadi Ghasemi, Bill D. Cook Assistant Professor of mechanical engineering, is set to change history with his invention of a new material that provides efficient heat dissipation at high temperatures and eliminates a 250-year-old scientific event known as the Leidenfrost Phenomenon.

PHOTOS: John Rogers Shares the Future of Soft Electronics for the Human Body at Engineering Rockwell Lecture

Imagine an electronic “tattoo” on your skin that could continuously monitor your health, or tiny, biocompatible sensors that could treat a traumatic brain injury at the site. It may seem like science fiction, or at least a dream of a very distant future – but as John Rogers of Northwestern University explained to the UH community last week, these are both current examples of biocompatible devices that can integrate with the human body.

Upcoming Events / Seminars